The name Chitwan is a composite of the Sanskrit words ?????, transliterated "citta" meaning heart and ??, transliterated "vana" meaning jungle or forest. Thus, the meaning of Chitwan is Heart of the Jungle.Chitwan was a dense forest ruled by the Tharu God/King Chitrasen Baba. He used to worship in the deep forest and ruled over his state. People believe him as the incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Still today, Tharu people worship his idol duringHariBodhini Ekadashi in Chitrasari (Headquarters of Chitrasen Baba), way to Sauraha. Since the forest locally called ban (??) was ruled by Lord Chitrasen, it was called Chitra Ban, later transliterated to Chitwan.
- Chitwan National Park
- Narayani River